New York Fed Actions Related to COVID-19

Learn more about how the New York Fed, as part of the Federal Reserve System, worked to support the flow of credit to households and businesses and the overall U.S. economy during COVID-19. Read more

Facilities Operated by the New York Fed
Established under Section 13(3) of the Federal Reserve Act, with approval of the Treasury Secretary.
Commercial Paper Funding Facility
The Commercial Paper Funding Facility was established to enhance the liquidity of the commercial paper market by increasing the availability of term commercial paper funding to issuers and by providing greater assurance to both issuers and investors that firms and municipalities would be able to roll over their maturing commercial paper. Learn more.
Municipal Liquidity Facility
The Municipal Liquidity Facility was established to help state and local governments better manage the cash flow pressures they faced as a result of the increase in state and local government expenditures related to the COVID-19 pandemic and the delay and decrease of certain tax and other revenues. Learn more.
Primary Dealer Credit Facility
The Primary Dealer Credit Facility was established to support the credit needs of U.S. householders and businesses by allowing primary dealers to support smooth market functioning and facilitate the availability of credit to businesses and households. Learn more.
Primary Market Corporate Credit Facility
The Primary Market Corporate Credit Facility was established to help large employers access credit by providing bridge financing of four years to investment grade companies so that they were better able to maintain business operations and capacity. Learn more.
Secondary Market Corporate Credit Facility
The Secondary Market Corporate Credit Facility was established to purchase corporate bonds issued by investment grade U.S. companies and U.S.-listed exchange-traded funds in the secondary market, thereby providing liquidity for outstanding corporate bonds. Learn more.
Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility
The Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility was established to support the flow of credit to consumers and businesses. The TALF enabled the issuance of asset-backed securities backed by student loans, auto loans, credit card loans, loans guaranteed by the Small Business Administration, and certain other assets. Learn more.

Other New York Fed Operations and Facilities
Agency Commercial Mortgage-Backed Securities
The FOMC directed the Open Market Trading Desk at the New York Fed to purchase agency commercial MBS on behalf of the System Open Market Account. The Desk purchased in the open market agency CMBS secured primarily by multifamily home mortgages that were guaranteed fully as to principal and interest by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and Ginnie Mae and that the Desk had determined were suitable for purchase. Learn more.
Central Bank Swap Lines
These facilities are designed to help lessen strains in global U.S. dollar funding markets, mitigating the effects of these strains on the supply of credit to households and businesses, both domestically and abroad.
Learn more.
FIMA Repo Facility
The FIMA Repo Facility was established to help maintain the flow of credit to U.S. households and businesses by reducing risks to U.S. financial markets caused by financial stresses abroad. Learn more.

Liberty Street Economics Blogs

Did Subsidies to Too-Big-To-Fail Banks Increase during the COVID-19 Pandemic? (February 11, 2021)

Up on Main Street (February 05, 2021)

The Impact of the Corporate Credit Facilities (October 1, 2020)

Expanding the Toolkit: Facilities Established to Respond to the COVID-19 Pandemic (September 22, 2020)

Market Function Purchases by the Federal Reserve (August 20, 2020)

Implications of the COVID-19 Disruption for Corporate Leverage (August 10, 2020)

Securing Secured Finance: The Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility (August 7, 2020)

The Federal Reserve’s Large-Scale Repo Program (August 3, 2020)

MBS Market Dysfunctions in the Time of COVID-19 (July 17, 2020)

Federal Reserve Agency CMBS Purchases (July 16, 2020)

The Weekly Economic Index (WEI) provides an informative signal of the state of the U.S. economy based on high-frequency data reported daily or weekly.

A New Reserves Regime? COVID-19 and the Federal Reserve Balance Sheet (July 7, 2020)

Municipal Debt Markets and the COVID-19 Pandemic (June 29, 2020)

Finally, Some Signs of Improvement in the Regional Economy (June 16, 2020)

Outflows from Bank-Loan Funds during COVID-19 (June 16, 2020)

Distribution of COVID-19 Incidence by Geography, Race, and Income (June 15, 2020)

How Fed Swap Lines Supported the U.S. Corporate Credit Market amid COVID-19 Strains (June 12, 2020)

Treasury Market Liquidity and the Federal Reserve during the COVID-19 Pandemic (May 29, 2020)

The Investment Cost of the U.S.-China Trade War (May 28, 2020)

Job Training Mismatch and the COVID-19 Recovery: A Cautionary Note from the Great Recession (May 27, 2020)

The Primary and Secondary Market Corporate Credit Facilities (May 26, 2020)

Have the Fed Swap Lines Reduced Dollar Funding Strains during the COVID-19 Outbreak? (May 22, 2020)

What Do Financial Conditions Tell Us about Risks to GDP Growth? (May 21, 2020)

The Paycheck Protection Program Liquidity Facility (PPPLF) (May 20, 2020)

The Primary Dealer Credit Facility (May 19, 2020)

Modeling the Global Effects of the COVID-19 Sudden Stop in Capital Flows (May 18, 2020)

Business Leaders Survey (May 2020)

Supplemental Survey Report: Businesses Report Widespread Layoffs and Furloughs but Most Seen as Temporary (May 2020)

Empire State Manufacturing Survey (May 2020)

The Commercial Paper Funding Facility (May 15, 2020)

Putting the Current Oil Price Collapse into Historical Perspective (May 14, 2020)

Inflation Expectations in Times of COVID-19 (May 13, 2020)

How Did China’s COVID-19 Shutdown Affect U.S. Supply Chains? (May 12, 2020)

Does the BCG Vaccine Protect Against Coronavirus? Applying an Economist’s Toolkit to a Medical Question (May 11, 2020)

The Money Market Mutual Fund Liquidity Facility (May 8, 2020)

Amid the COVID-19 Outbreak, Consumers Temper Spending Outlook (May 7, 2020)

Translating Weekly Jobless Claims into Monthly Net Job Losses (May 7, 2020)

Where Have the Paycheck Protection Loans Gone So Far? (May 6, 2020)

U.S. Consumer Debt Payments and Credit Buffers on the Eve of COVID-19 (May 5, 2020)

W(h)ither U.S. Crude Oil Production? (May 4, 2020)

LSE Blog: Treasury Market Liquidity during the COVID-19 Crisis (Apr 17, 2020)

LSE Blog: New York Fed Surveys: Business Activity in the Region Sees Historic Plunge in April (Apr 16, 2020)

LSE Blog: How Widespread Is the Impact of the COVID-19 Outbreak on Consumer Expectations? (Apr 16, 2020)

Supplemental Survey Report: Business Report Extensive Fallout from Coronavirus (Apr 2020)

LSE Blog: The COVID-19 Pandemic and the Fed’s Response (Apr 15, 2020)

LSE Blog: Helping State and Local Governments Stay Liquid (Apr 10, 2020)

LSE Blog: The Coronavirus Shock Looks More Like a Natural Disaster than a Cyclical Downturn (Apr 10, 2020)

LSE Blog: Coronavirus Outbreak Sends Consumer Expectations Plummeting (Apr 6, 2020)

LSE Blog: How the Fed Managed the Treasury Yield Curve in the 1940s (Apr 6, 2020)

LSE Blog: Monitoring Real Activity in Real Time: The Weekly Economic Index (Mar 30, 2020)

LSE Blog: Businesses in the Tri-State Region Struggling to Weather the Coronavirus Outbreak (Mar 30, 2020)

LSE Blog: Fight the Pandemic, Save the Economy: Lessons from the 1918 Flu (Mar 27, 2020)

Supplemental Survey Report: Service Firms See Particularly Widespread Fallout from Coronavirus

Community Resources

See Resources on Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Federal Reserve Resources

See the Federal Reserve Board's resources related to the Coronavirus Disease 2019.

Federal Reserve Board outlines the extensive and timely public information it will make available regarding its programs to support the flow of credit to households and businesses and thereby foster economic recovery

Paycheck Protection Program Liquidity Facility (PPPLF)

Reports to Congress Pursuant to Section 13(3) of the Federal Reserve Act in response to COVID-19

Factors Affecting Reserve Balances - H.4.1

Community Support
COVID-19: Information, Research & Analysis, and Resources

New York Fed Integrity Hotline

The New York Fed established a hotline for reports of fraud, waste, abuse, misrepresentations, illegal activity or unethical behavior associated with credit facilities established by the Federal Reserve to support the economy and promote the stability of the financial system in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

To make a report online | By phone: 877-52-FRBNY (877-523-7269)

Related New York Fed Content
desk statements
Vendor Information
related federal reserve system content
Facilities Operated by Other Fed Banks
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